Daily, we eat more water than we drink. Did you know it requires 15,000 litres of water to produce 1kg of meat?

If we want to keep clean water for future generations, we should also, change our eating habits. It’s important to think about the indirect consumption of water, which tells how much of hidden water is used to produce a particular product.

According to GRACE Communications Foundation, the food we eat makes up two-thirds of our total water consumption. If we really want to preserve clean service water for our future generations, we should not only save water, but also change our eating habits.

But how can we eat more water than we drink? We must consider the indirect water usage, i.e. the “virtual water” necessary for production of specific foods.

Meat production requires thousands of litres of water

Meat production can serve as an example. Based on the research published by The Guardian, 1kg of beef requires 15,000 litres of water.


Let’s take a look at other water consumption data.

For instance, to produce 1kg of pork we need approximately 6,000 litres of water. 1kg of chicken meat requires 4,300 litres.

There are more reasons why these numbers reach such heights. Firstly, to comprehend the water consumption issue full-scale, we must consider not only the water livestock drinks, but also water used to produce the crop to feed them (e.g. corn or soya). 

Vegetable and fruit are better off

It was found that less water is used for production of fruit and vegetable than for meat. This is one of the clarifications of many experts and eco-friendly foods fans increasingly inclining to vegetable and fruit diets. The figures speak for themselves.
1kg of bread consumes approx. 1,600 litres of water, 1kg of bananas requires 790 litres of water, 1kg of potatoes uses 287 litres and 1kg of tomatoes only 214 litres. 

1l of beverage doesn’t equal 1l of water

Following facts might make the eco-friendly beer drinkers happy. One glass of beer (250ml) requires 74 litres of water.

Although it’s still a huge imbalance, water consumption for other beverages is much higher: coffee (132l of water per 152ml), milk (255l of water per 250 ml), wine (125l of water per 109ml).

With 27 litres of water per 250ml, only tea was placed better than beer. 

Sin tax of chocolate - not the only sin to pay for

Chocolate production, being no exception, also wastes huge amounts of water. In the “leader board” provided by The Guardian based on the IME data, chocolate took the first place as the biggest water consumer.

1kg of chocolate requires astonishing 17,196 litres of water! It's not only the sin tax you have to pay for when savouring this delicious sweet, but also the eco-sin. 

Data summary

The table below provides detailed summary of water consumption per foodstuffs.

table-about-water-usage-in-agricultureSource: IME, The Guardian

Enlightenment spread by Lithuanian illustrator

Eglé Plytnikaité, an independent Lithuanian illustrator, took the path of enlightening the public on water saving issues, transforming above mentioned dry facts into creative visuals. Her project, How much water do you eat?, is a graphical depiction of above mentioned data and, thanks to its impressive form, it went viral almost immediately.

Well, sometimes pictures speak louder than words and can communicate the message more effectively.

picture-of-water-usage-chocolate-poolWater that’s used to produce a kilogram of chocolate will fill the entire pool in the yard.

pig-shower-water-usageWater used for the production of a kilogram of pork is sufficient for 188 showers.

water-usage-corn-rayGrains, fruits and vegetables require considerably less water than meat production.


water-usage-banana-beanSource of illustrations:

Vegetable and fruit for dinner instead of meat and chocolate sounds better and better, doesn’t it?

More articles

Read more

Meat processing and waste water treatment - example of a treatment plant 2


Works on the intensification and completion of a wastewater treatment plant for our customer have just begun in recent days. Factory is one of the...

Read more

USA Distillery


After a few months, we finished work with a small scale model of high-load anaerobic IC reactor. In the assignment, the customer asked us to...